The decision was announced by author and broadcaster Frank Delaney, chairman of the judges, who had selected it earlier this evening from a shortlists of four titles: The subtext asks whether good people were on the side of the evil people and shows how the human spirit is enlarged by the knowledge of such people. Inside his sitting room there are shelves of old books, a Bieder-meier secretaire, a polished parquet floor. Black and white photographs of old friends stand in rows on the piano; prints and framed mementoes hang from the white walls. At first glance, everything about Wladyslaw Szpilman speaks of a certain kind of Central European comfort, of a pleasantly uneventful, bourgeois life. Dressed in a tweed jacket and tie, speaking of popular music and songs, Szpilman himself initially gives off the air of someone who has lived all of his 87 years in civilised surroundings. Then, effortlessly, he moves from the familiar to the horrific. The German found me when I was in the ruins of someone’s kitchen, looking for food. I found out later – this isn’t in the book – that he was lookin g for toothpaste, but no matter. When he saw me, he asked me what on earth was I doing there
How a Small Town in the Bavarian Alps Made Its Mark on History
October 26, The violin making trade in Bohemia and Germany became very complicated and muddled immediately following WWll. As punishment German makers had to label their violins “made in Germany”. The Mittenwald makers struggled for their living and sent their violins to Bohemia Czech where they were labelled “made in Bohemia”. Once they regained their footing the Bohemians sent their violins to Mittenwald where they were labelled “made in Germany”.
I was given a Hopf violin for my birthday 4 years ago. Original Hopf violins were handmade and are the most valuable. Remakes were also made, but were produced in factories.
Violins While experts debate the origin of the violin, it was most likely derived from an Arabic instrument called the rabab which dates to the 9th century A. This instrument was made from a gourd with a long neck. It had two silk strings which were attached to an endpin and strung to pegs that were used to tune the strings in fifths. The rabab was held in a person’s lap and played with a bow. After the Crusades, similar instruments appeared in Europe, including the rebec in Spain and the vielle in France.
The violin as we know it originated in Italy in the s. Andrea Amati of Cremona is the first known documented violin maker. The oldest-surviving violin, dating to , is one of Amati’s instruments. Antonio Stradivari, the most famous violin maker in history, was an apprentice of Amati Read more While experts debate the origin of the violin, it was most likely derived from an Arabic instrument called the rabab which dates to the 9th century A.
Accessories Antique Violins Antique violins through the centuries have varied both in style and quality of workmanship. Below you can read a little about the makers who influenced the design and functionality of the violins we see today and why we are such a passionate violin dealer. Italian Violins Italian violins are generally regarded as the oldest instruments with the violin shape originating from Italy.
The early Italian violins show lots of individual character and quality. Various makers such as Testore and Guarnerius show lots of character and quality of workmanship which make these old violins easy to recognise. Italian violins generally were beautifully varnished from this period.
Oct 27, · Dating Germans is fine but they have quite a few factory parts. The Italians are nice but the good ones are old and have been with quite a few other people. New fiddles are probably best for a LTR, handmade with love and improve with age. dating german violins Contact Us;.
All the bellies were made of Norway spruce Picea abies. The dating of each violin was given as a calendar year end date , as is usual in dendrochronological reports. We demonstrate how to interpret such reports in terms of age, origin, producer and authenticity of the instrument. Six violins were made by a known violin maker in Slovenia, who provided reliable information on the source of wood as well as on details on the wood processing.
The dendrochronologically determined end dates varied from to and hence deviated by 5—22 years from the documented date of tree felling in and by 10—27 years from the years of the instrument fabrication — This explains why the end year i. The violins had relatively few tree rings 51—72 but it was possible to date them with local tree-ring chronologies, showing that adequate reference chronologies are essential for successful dating.
An end date of was determined for violin of unknown provenance violin 7. This date was repeatedly confirmed by numerous local chronologies and by various tree-ring sequences of instruments. The most significant statistical parameters of dating, obtained with German local chronologies and instruments, supported the opinion of experts that this instrument was probably made in a German workshop. Another violin violin 14 , privately owned in Slovenia, was dated with very high statistical values using several chronologies from the wider region of the Bohemian Forest.
Violin 13, of unknown age and origin, remained undated, although the treble side of the belly contained a very high number of tree rings , which usually increases the likelihood for dendrochronological dating. Its undatability is ascribed to possible measuring errors due to extremely narrow rings and a dark opaque varnish.
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In the act was revised to require the words “Made in” to also be used. Finally, in the act was revised yet again to require that all country names occurred in English. Thus an object labeled simply “Bavaria” of “Nippon” would likely but not absolutely be from some time between and It seems likely that any item marked “Made in Japan” was probably made or imported after Prior to , they might have been labeled “Made in Nippon.
By the late s the demand for German-made products had dropped in large part due to the rise of Nazism. This little area of Saxony didn’t see much of the war or the Allied bombings, and a few of the older makers stayed and probably continued to make violins with .
Photo by Christian Kerber The more we traveled together, the more people asked me about her. They wanted to know where she was from, how old she was, stuff any decent friend ought to know. But all I could offer, in reply, was a peek through the curved f-holes on her front and into her belly. The year is actually uncertain; the label is printed, but the last two numbers are written in pen and are hard to decipher. People who knew something about violins would nod approvingly at the name, and gradually I discovered that the Klotz family had been pioneers of German violin making.
A violin-making dynasty was born.
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At the time, despite an enviable repertoire and historical record, no English examples were known. As a result, the business of authenticating what turned out to be the only known English example involved producing comparisons from an enormous field of different instruments made around the same time. By using a forensic nexus of comparable instruments it was possible to provide a compelling identification of the cittern within a demonstrably English context. None, it transpired were violins.
Violin Family Instruments I am not an expert in violins. I know a lot about them and most other musical instruments in general, but when it comes to any specific instrument, I can’t tell you much about it .
Most often, when given a violin, the giver will tell you about the violin’s origin, age, and condition. Although the odds are low, you might find a mysterious violin say, in your grandmother’s attic that looks old enough to be antique. If this is the case, there are a number of ways to discern where the violin came from and when it was made. Keep in mind that antique violins are not necessarily valuable, and value will depend greatly on the condition of the instrument.
Look inside the violin through the F-holes the spaces on the front of the violin and check for a label inside the instrument. It may be glued to the inside back of the violin. If the label clearly says in English, “made in country ” then it is a factory-produced violin, not an antique.
Their output was varied in quality; more to satisfy the demands of the players and the limits of what they could afford and the current desire to have an instrument styled on the instruments made by Jacob Stainer. The lure of London however encouraged three members of the family to establish their livelihood in the capital city, away from Cumberland and the small village of Brampton.
Patronage and a good income were available to those makers of merit! He remained in London for the rest of his life, dying there in Known as ‘Old Forster’ and sometimes ‘Royal Forster’ because of his patronage from the Royal family, his status as a fine and honest maker increased to the extent that he was considered one of the finest English makers of his time. We have been commissioned to offer for sale a superb violin by him which bears its original written label dated and numbered
Dating Old Violins. Fine violins were also made in England, France and Germany. Value: As everyone knows, the instruments made in Cremona fetch fabulous prices at auction. Everyone who finds an old violin thinks that he has a fortune in his hands because it generally has a Stradivarius label in it. West Virginia Association of Museums P.
Notes The name of one man, Emile Berliner, is outstanding in the industrial milieu at the end of the 19th century,” unequivocally states the Museum Phonographen Grammophone in a biographical note about Berliner. Every home business and institution in the world depends upon innovations wrought by Emile Berliner. His contributions to public health won national recognition.
His philanthropies were considerable. Yet only one, far from complete, biography was published on this remarkable man, a genius whose inventions had a major and permanent impact upon the burgeoning industrial society. The foreword to the book was written by none other than Herbert Hoover, then renowned as an engineer, statesman and humanitarian. Wile when Berliner was alive and active in the fields of public health and philanthropy.
Scientists say Stradivarius violins mimic human speech
University of Ljubljana Abstract We dendrochronologically analyzed the bellies of 10 violins differing in age, origin, number and width of tree rings, state of preservation as well as fabrication. All the bellies were made of Norway spruce Picea abies. The dating of each violin was given as a calendar year end date , as is usual in dendrochronological reports. We demonstrate how to interpret such reports in terms of age, origin, producer and authenticity of the instrument.
Six violins were made by a known violin maker in Slovenia, who provided reliable information on the source of wood as well as on details on the wood processing.
Is This an Old Violin, an Old Violin or a Fake Old Violin?. By Diane Bruce. We frequently receive phone calls about “old” modern violins. It’s understandable. To most people, anything over 5 years is old – cars, television, and grandma.
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American Gold Eagle Coins The official gold coin of the United States is the American Gold Eagle , which is available annually in the three familiar versions and four different weights. These stunning coins serve as a reminder of the majesty, longevity, and strength of the American nation. Like its silver counterpart, a historic American coinage design was chosen for the American Gold Eagle.
Augustus Saint-Gaudens was hand-picked by President Theodore Roosevelt in to help revitalize US gold coinage with a brilliant new design.
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A French railwayman caught that unknown passenger’s violin and gave it to his daughter to play. Years later it found its way into the hands of Israeli violin-maker and restorer Amnon Weinstein, whose extraordinary collection comprises violins embodying their former owners’ tragic histories and stories of survival. Tuesday marks 70 years since the liberation of Auschwitz by Soviet troops. German President Joachim Gauck said in a speech on Tuesday that remembering the horrors of the Nazis must remain a key part of Germany’s sense of self.
Tuesday’s concert will also feature one of Weinstein’s violins that had belonged to a member of Auschwitz’s prisoner orchestra.
The German school of violin making was created out of necessity, circumstance, and serendipity. Mitttenwald and Markneukirchen have given us great makers and wonderful instruments. Those great instruments have carried many budding soloists and virtuosos far along in their carers.
By The Siberian Times reporter 05 March A potentially invaluable Stradivarius violin has been disclosed as a family heirloom by a resident of Western Siberia. The Siberian Times The seemingly rare musical instrument was liberated from Germany at the end of the war by the man’s grandfather. The owner is now seeking a genuine expert to verify the violin – believed to have been made in We have undertaken not to reveal the name of the owner but he hopes publicity via The Siberian Times can lead to a contact with an authority able to authenticate the instrument.
The violin’s journey to Siberia is a remarkable story dating from the Soviet invasion of Hitler’s territory at the climax of World War Two. The Siberian Times The owner – who also served in the Soviet forces – said that his grandfather described the street as well to do and surmised the house had belonged to a ‘noble or rich’ family. Stradivari is generally considered the most significant and greatest artisan in this field. It is estimated that he made 1, to 1, instruments and that around of these instruments survive.
Estimates suggest this includes between and violins. The golden period is seen as being from the early s to Internet sources say there is only a tiny chance that undiscovered Stardivarius violins still exist. If you can help the owner please send your details and contacts here news siberiantimes.
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For years, German luthiers supplied musicians with serviceable and affordable stringed instruments. Yet their story remains largely unknown. I know instrinctively what lies inside.
Dating of violins – The interpretation of dendrochronological reports. The most significant statistical parameters of dating, obtained with German local chronologies and instruments, supported the opinion of experts that this instrument was probably made in a German workshop. The dating of all six violins was only possible with a.
Ashmolean open new Stradivarius show 07 Jun With his trial due to resume on November 5 in Vienna following an adjournment , musicians, arts organisations and financial institutions are waiting to learn how it will be suggested that Machold could for so long have got away with buying and selling the world’s most sought-after violins without anyone suspecting that his apparently stellar business was an elaborate charade. To outsiders, the global violin market’s lack of transparency, its absence of an independent regulatory body, and its tiny group of major dealers make it seem potentially more corrupt than any other area of the art market.
It is common for dealers not to disclose either the provenance or the original purchase price of a violin, or their own commission, which can be as much as 30 per cent of the sales price. Deals may be concluded with a nod and a handshake without an invoice changing hands, and it is accepted practice for one dealer to send an instrument to a colleague to find a buyer, allowing both dealers to split an extra-large commission.
This explains why clients were slow to question whether Machold was double-crossing them. Those who entrusted their instruments to him for sale were told to be patient, sometimes for several years, when apparently there was no buyer. The prosecution’s case is that Machold was able to use the same violins as collateral for loans from numbers of banks and financiers without being found out because it is accepted practice for rare instruments bought as investments to remain in the dealer’s climate-controlled vaults, or to be lent to musicians Machold’s mantra was that rare violins must be played constantly to preserve their unique qualities; many experts disagree.
It is suggested that some violins that he pledged to cover loans simply did not exist: His valuations were also vastly inflated, by as much as 75 per cent, it is said — mark-ups that lenders never challenged. Creditors fearing that millions of euros lost through fraudulent deals will never be recouped believe the complete truth may be yet to emerge in a case riddled with cover-ups, conspiracies and unanswered questions.
In Vienna there is gossip over the length of his likely prison sentence, which — if he is found guilty — could be up to 10 years. Not everyone is surprised at Machold’s reversal of fortune.