Deception includes several types of communications or omissions that serve to distort or omit the complete truth. Examples of deception range from false statements to misleading claims in which relevant information is omitted, leading the receiver to infer false conclusions. For example, a claim that ‘sunflower oil is beneficial to brain health due to the presence of omega-3 fatty acids’ may be misleading, as it leads the receiver to believe sunflower oil will benefit brain health more so than other foods. In fact, sunflower oil is relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and is not particularly good for brain health, so while this claim is technically true, it leads the receiver to infer false information. Deception itself is intentionally managing verbal or nonverbal messages so that the message receiver will believe in a way that the message sender knows is false. Intent is critical with regard to deception. Intent differentiates between deception and an honest mistake. The Interpersonal Deception Theory explores the interrelation between communicative context and sender and receiver cognitions and behaviors in deceptive exchanges. Some forms of deception include: While it is difficult to deceive a partner over a long period of time, deception often occurs in day-to-day conversations between relational partners.
Ohio Tools Planes and Some History
What I want to know is how to identify different hand planes to know what I have and if they have any special uses. Much like grfrazee discusses in his answer I’m afraid there isn’t a good comprehensive site for all of these, so you’ll have to do some research on your own for some of the lesser-known makers.
So that way if you see a plane you can get an idea of its purpose and know whether or not you need it in your collection.
Feb 09, · Insom is right, the older Sears & Roebuck “Craftsman” brand name planes were made by Stanley and Sargent for the most part. Every major tool manufacturer has made tools for Sears at one time or another. Most of the Sargent made planes for Sears .
History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved. You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular.
Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind. Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.
The electronics, computers and communications industries, power engineering and much of the chemical industry of today were founded on discoveries made possible by the battery. Pioneers It is often overlooked that throughout the nineteenth century, most of the electrical experimenters, inventors and engineers who made these advances possible had to make their own batteries before they could start their investigations. They did not have the benefit of cheap, off the shelf, mass produced batteries.
For many years the telegraph, and later the telephone, industries were the only consumers of batteries in modest volumes and it wasn’t until the twentieth century that new applications created the demand that made the battery a commodity item. In recent years batteries have changed out of all recognition.
Common/Uncommon Type Breakdown
One line rowle with the line upon it Two staples or bank hooks Two rules of two foot apiece Three mallets Two spare planing irons If a joiner had these tools, then a lutemaker could certainly have had them. A Spnaish inventory of a violero”s workshop tools is reproduced in Lute News 71, p. There is also the inventory of tools of a lutemaker in Leiden, published in Vlam, Chr. Surviving tools A few tools survive from my chosen period and indeed from much earlier; some Roman planes survive, as do Viking ones, and they seem remarkably familiar to the modern carpenter in their design.
Sep 05, · Craftsman planes could have been made by Sargent, Fulton, Millers Falls, Stanley and probably some others out there. Craftsman pretty much contracted it out to whoever was the low bidder at the time. At least, back in the day, the options available were of better quality than typically found today.
Stuart 92 Comments If you buy something through our links, ToolGuyd might earn an affiliate commission. They have been losing money for years now , losing customers, closing stores, and suing their suppliers. They lost a patent infringement lawsuit recently , lobbed public accusations against TTI, in addition to suing them , and sued Western Forge, at the same they started carrying imported pliers from another supplier.
I talked to a person I know from Sears. Sears is pulling the American made Western Forge screwdrivers off the selves because of the dispute. I asked if he was sure, and he said that he visited his Sears and saw that all the open stock had been pulled from the shelves, with only a few sets left remaining. I would visit my local Sears to check, but there is no local Sears here anymore, they recently closed.
What happened to the Craftsman Tool Catalog? What happened to the holiday season tool catalog? A few years ago, new Craftsman hand tools came out, and they were made overseas. I tried to remain positive, that it was okay if some new tools were made overseas, as long as the core tools were continued to be made here. Craftsman discontinued their Craftsman Professional brand, and slowly but very obviously, they stopped making tools here.
I worked with lots of people at Sears and Craftsman.
Stubby screwdrivers, different sizes and configurations Tack lifter, wide putty knife, sharp knife and long nose pliers Rare earth magnet, writing utensils and pad
Jan 28, · Patrick Leach has an excellent site documenting the many Stanley hand planes. This page is for the No 1 – No 9. Scroll down to the No 3 Smooth plane, about 1/4 of the way down.
The First Wood Planes Archeologists in Italy discovered the first known woodworking planes used by the Romans as they explored the excavations of Pompeii and its sister city Herculaneum. Destroyed by the volcano’s eruption that spanned two days, it covered the cities with more than 60 feet of pumice and ash. These extant tools are housed in museums. One such example is this Roman wood plane which was recovered from the Pompeii ruins. This ancient woodworking tool, which measures Although there have been some examples found of Roman planes that have iron sole plates riveted to the wooden bodies, most Roman planes were constructed of an iron cutter with a wooden body, push bar and wedge.
Archeologists unearthed an extremely rare example of a Roman plane constructed from elephant ivory in East Yorkshire, Britain near the town of Goodmanham. Known as the Goodmanham Plane, this ancient tool is displayed at the Beverley Guildhall. To view this antique treasure visit East Riding of Yorkshire Council in England, or you can see this photo instead. Unlike the earlier antique hand tools used by the Egyptians to shape wood, the Roman woodworking planes are very similar in concept to those manufactured today.
The tool used by the carpenters of ancient Egypt to cut the wood into exact size was an adze. Many people believe that wood planes evolved from the ancient adze.
Authenticating, Fakes and Frauds of Period Furniture
Issue date April 26th June 28th, in Copenhagen. Note that Brandt was dovetailing the top or sides of the plane to the sole in a similar manner as the British and Scottish plane makers, such as those made by Norris or Spiers. Brandt was the first to introduce the adjustable mouth to this type of plane, but this a copy of an earlier model with a fixed mouth. In the mid s, Brandt pioneered the use of lever caps for the N. This was around the same time as Stuart Spiers in Ayr, Scotland and Fenn in London began installing lever caps as an option, replacing the bridge and captive wedge in their planes.
Much more compact, david Bradly dating craftsman hand planes is actually a Simplicity. A security company publicly announces that it will ship a large gold shipment down one route, there doesn’t seem to be a market for quality anymore.
Added page with photos, no further info available yet. Introduction This is the first of several articles covering Craftsman brand tools. This installment will focus on the development of the Craftsman brand during the s and s, as well as covering some of the tools sold by Sears in the pre-Craftsman era, in order to provide background context.
Sears and initially operated as the R. Sears Watch Company in Minneapolis. From its modest beginning as a merchandiser of watches, the company grew to become the largest mail-order company in the United States, and eventually became the largest retail company. As a large and unique organization, Sears has been the subject of many publications and studies.
The current owner of Sears maintains a website at www. For those readers primarily interested in tools, unfortunately most of the known references on Sears history have relatively little or nothing to say about tools, Craftsman or otherwise. If any of our readers have found a good reference covering tools at Sears, please let us know and we’ll add the reference.
Craftsman History The story of the Sears Craftsman brand begins in with the registration of the Craftsman trademark. A brief summary of the brand can be found on the Sears Archive site in the section on Craftsman History [External Link].
Battery and Energy Technologies
This is a guest post from Joshua Klein. Then, beginning several decades ago, shop classes began to be removed from secondary curriculums. With the decrease in educational funding, and increasing emphasis on standardized testing, schools began to cull electives, institute stricter graduation requirements, and focus more on college prep academics and the subjects necessary for passing state exams.
This demise of shop classes is quite unfortunate, as they were never solely about preparing students for trade employment.
Feb 26, · Craftsman Hand Plane Model Number Comparison, for those asking “Who made my Craftsman Plane”? Some Additional Information from Glen on Millers Falls. Dating the logo. Before the Craftsman brand came about in , Fulton was the top Craftsman tool.
Dating Craftsman Hand Planes He was dating craftsman hand planes by the Angels 6, offer. He asked me to move dating in sweden culture just after my mum died and I said I was not ready and he never forgave me maybe if I had have things would have turned out differently, Maybe it was that I was not committed as he said when we broke up. This type of contact of course is setting people up for disappointment and rejection.
Japanese Hand Planes That said, I confess a deep respect for the craftsman skilled in using planes today. At a later date I will add material on the wooden hand plane.
Quickly Identify Your Hand Plane
This square is a model no as marked on the blade. It has some discoloration and pitting but is dead on straight and square. This is the largest size caliper made by Starrett. They are 24in long and in near-perfect condition.
Sep 25, · planes, comparable to British-made Stanley planes which have heavier castings today than the ones available in the States. I’ve never likes the idea of using a plane with a plastic tote just gives me the willies. It’s notable that older Stanley planes, and other brands too, features nicely made Rosewood knobs and totes.
Stuart 36 Comments If you buy something through our links, ToolGuyd might earn an affiliate commission. I have mentioned some of my Festool power tool and accessory purchases here on ToolGuyd before. I like to think that I can be objective and fair when talking about Festool tools. When you deliberate about a tool purchasing decision and then plunk down a large chunk of change, you have already justified the purchase to yourself. But I hope it makes sense. In a recent comment in reply to my New Tool Buy: I would love to hear an update on your thoughts about the table, and what justifies the price for a beginner woodworker.
But its utility is really tied to how well it pairs with Festool power tools and guide rails. Without its accessories, it is overpriced and maybe even too frail for general all-around needs. That brought me to wonder about whether Festool tools are appropriate for beginner woodworkers. The answer came to me quickly. Beginner woodworkers should NOT be buying Festool power tools.
According to the catalog, the only difference between the two grades was in the quality of the wood used. The firm of Casey, Kitchel and Company held these contracts from to Casey, Clark and Company continued to hold them from to
Feb 05, · Craftsman Planes , PM My friend does not know much about hand planes. I blame the seller. Perhaps I should sell this on EBay as “unique, one-of-a-kind Craftsman No. 3”. LOL. I have purchased a Craftsman plane as part of a group, but I would not normally pick one up.
Lucky for them, those days are largely past. Lucky for us, we can live vicariously through their relationships. To that end we bring you this updated compendium of gay celebrity boyfriends! Now please sit back, relax, and enjoy a mind-bogglingly comprehensive journey through the wide, wonderful world of gay celebrity boyfriends!
One of the top 50 models on Models. Michael is one of the most buzzed-about celebrity boyfriends on this list thanks to his high profile wedding, which was broadcast on E! The Lance Bass Wedding. In fact, he and Lance were the first gay couple to ever exchange vows on cable television. The couple currently lives in Los Angeles with their three dogs, though they have discussed having children in the future.